RSB MENA plays a critical role in the governance of GCRI, ensuring that global strategies are effectively adapted and implemented within the Middle East and North Africa region. By facilitating regional collaboration and providing feedback to the GSB, RSB MENA helps GCRI achieve its mission of mitigating risks, building resilience, and fostering sustainable development on a regional scale.


  • Adaptation and Implementation: RSB MENA is responsible for tailoring and executing GCRI’s global strategies within the Middle East and North Africa region, ensuring alignment with regional needs and contexts.

  • Regional Collaboration: It facilitates regional collaboration among various stakeholders, including governments, academia, industry, and civil society, proposing region-specific projects for GCRI’s consideration.

  • Representation: RSB MENA represents GCRI in regional forums, events, and discussions, promoting the organization's mission and objectives within the MENA region.


  • Members: RSB MENA comprises experts, leaders, and stakeholders from various sectors within the MENA region, including academia, industry, government, and civil society.

  • Selection: Members are selected based on their expertise, leadership, and commitment to advancing GCRI’s mission locally, ensuring balanced representation of regional interests and perspectives.

  • Term: Members serve fixed terms, providing stability and continuity in regional governance.

Key Information:

  • Regular Meetings: RSB MENA holds regular meetings to discuss the regional implementation of GCRI initiatives, monitor progress, and address regional challenges. Annual strategic planning sessions are conducted to align regional activities with GCRI’s global objectives.

  • Decision-Making: RSB MENA operates through a collaborative approach, aiming for consensus among members. Decisions are made through voting when necessary, with each member having an equal vote.

  • Reporting: RSB MENA reports to the Global Stewardship Board (GSB), ensuring their activities align with GCRI’s overall strategic direction.

Functions and Responsibilities:

  • Regional Implementation: Adapting and implementing GCRI’s global strategies and initiatives to suit the unique needs and opportunities of the MENA region.

  • Collaboration: Facilitating regional collaboration among National Working Groups (NWGs), academia, industry, and government entities.

  • Representation: Representing GCRI in regional discussions and forums, promoting its mission and objectives.

  • Feedback: Providing feedback and insights to the GSB on regional challenges, opportunities, and progress.

  • Project Proposals: Proposing region-specific projects and initiatives for GCRI’s consideration and support.

Relations with Other Governing Bodies:

  • Global Stewardship Board (GSB): RSB MENA reports to the GSB, ensuring regional activities align with GCRI’s global strategic direction.

  • National Working Groups (NWGs): RSB MENA works closely with NWGs in the MENA region to facilitate the local implementation of global standards and initiatives.

  • Specialized Leadership Board (SLB): RSB MENA coordinates with the SLB to ensure that technical and research activities within the region support GCRI’s strategic objectives.

  • Central Bureau (CB): RSB MENA collaborates with the CB for operational support, guidance, and resources necessary for executing regional activities effectively.

Meeting Structure:

  • Regular Meetings: Scheduled to discuss ongoing projects, review global updates from GCRI, and plan local initiatives.

  • Strategic Planning Sessions: Annual sessions to align regional activities with GCRI’s global objectives and identify key regional priorities.

  • Ad Hoc Meetings: Convened as needed to address urgent or specific regional issues, opportunities, or collaborations.

Accountability and Reporting:

  • Transparency: RSB MENA maintains transparency in its operations, providing regular updates and reports to the GSB and regional stakeholders.

  • Ethics and Integrity: Upholding the highest standards of ethical conduct and governance in all activities and decisions.

  • Stakeholder Engagement: Actively engaging with regional stakeholders, including members, partners, and external entities, to ensure inclusive and collaborative activities.

Integration and Synergy:

  • Collaborative Approach: RSB MENA ensures that regional activities work in synergy with global strategies, fostering a collaborative environment for effective decision-making and implementation.

  • Strategic Alignment: Aligning regional initiatives with GCRI’s global objectives, ensuring coherence and unified direction across all levels of governance.

  • Operational Support: Providing the necessary oversight and support to regional operational teams, including NWGs and Competence Cells, to ensure the smooth execution of GCRI’s mission.

Specific Initiatives and Programs:

  • Capacity Building: Focusing on enhancing regional capabilities in risk management, resilience building, and sustainable development through targeted training and development programs.

  • Research and Innovation: Promoting region-specific research and innovation projects that address the unique challenges and opportunities within the MENA region.

  • Civic Engagement: Encouraging active participation from regional civil society organizations and fostering a culture of collaborative problem-solving and innovation.


Sahara Desert

Encompassing vast areas of Algeria, Egypt, Libya, Mauritania, Morocco, Sudan, Tunisia, and Western Sahara, the Sahara is noted for its diverse landscape that includes not only dunes and plateaus but also mountain ranges such as the Ahaggar and Tibesti. These mountains harbor unique microclimates and rare species, underscoring the need for comprehensive conservation strategies that address both the desert's expansive arid zones and its isolated pockets of biodiversity. Efforts to combat desertification are increasingly incorporating indigenous knowledge and sustainable land management practices to preserve this vast ecosystem.

Arabian Desert

Extending across Saudi Arabia, Oman, Yemen, and the UAE, the Arabian Desert encompasses unique features like the Empty Quarter (Rub' al Khali) and the An Nafud desert. These areas, characterized by extreme aridity and temperature variations, are critical habitats for species such as the Arabian oryx and the Arabian leopard. Conservation strategies are intricately designed to balance the preservation of traditional nomadic lifestyles with the protection of the desert's ecological integrity. Water management initiatives, particularly the sustainable use of underground aquifers, are vital for both human and ecological health.

Nile River Basin

The Nile River Basin represents a critical artery for agriculture, industry, and human settlement in Egypt and Sudan, extending upstream through diverse ecosystems in East Africa. This region's multifaceted water management challenges are compounded by the need to maintain the health of the Nile Delta, a critical area for biodiversity and agriculture facing threats from sea-level rise and salinization. Transboundary cooperation on water use, efficiency improvements, and delta restoration projects are essential components of the basin's sustainability efforts.

Levantine Coast

The Levantine Coast, stretching from Turkey through Syria, Lebanon, Israel to Egypt, encompasses unique marine and coastal ecosystems, including important nesting sites for sea turtles and habitats for a variety of marine biodiversity. The challenges of coastal and marine pollution, habitat destruction, and overfishing are addressed through integrated coastal zone management approaches, marine conservation areas, and efforts to restore coastal wetlands and mangrove ecosystems.

Atlas Mountains

Spanning Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia, the Atlas Mountains are a biodiversity hotspot with endemic species such as the Barbary macaque and the Atlas cedar. These mountain ecosystems face pressures from climate change, overgrazing, and deforestation. Conservation efforts focus on sustainable agricultural and pastoral practices, the establishment of protected areas, and initiatives to restore and conserve mountain water sources and forests.

Arabian Peninsula's Coastal and Marine Ecosystems

The Arabian Peninsula's coastal regions along the Red Sea and the Arabian Gulf are distinguished by coral reefs, mangroves, and seagrass beds, under threat from industrial pollution, coastal development, and climate change-related coral bleaching. Conservation efforts include the establishment of marine protected areas, initiatives for coral reef rehabilitation, and sustainable management of fisheries to ensure the resilience of these critical marine habitats.

Fertile Crescent

This historically rich region, extending from the eastern Mediterranean coast through the Tigris and Euphrates river systems to the Persian Gulf, encompasses a variety of ecosystems from riparian wetlands to semi-arid and arid landscapes. Challenges of water scarcity, land degradation, and conflict impact are met with strategies that include sustainable water management, land rehabilitation efforts, and the integration of conservation within post-conflict rebuilding processes.

Mesopotamian Marshes

The Mesopotamian Marshes, at the confluence of the Tigris and Euphrates in southern Iraq and Iran, represent one of the world's most significant wetland ecosystems. Restoration efforts following extensive drainage have focused on water reclamation, biodiversity conservation, and supporting the traditional lifestyles of the Marsh Arabs. Addressing upstream water management and ensuring the marshes' resilience to climate change are ongoing challenges.

Maghreb Coastal and Mountainous Regions

The Maghreb's complex geography includes not only the Mediterranean coastlines of Morocco, Algeria, and Tunisia but also significant portions of the Sahara and the Atlas and Rif mountain ranges. The region's diverse ecosystems face pressures from urbanization, overfishing, and climate change. Strategies encompass a broad range of actions from marine and terrestrial habitat protection, sustainable tourism, and the promotion of agroecology and reforestation in mountain areas to combat erosion and desertification.

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